What can I do to look after my eyes?
Give up smoking
Smokers are much more likely to develop age-related macular degeneration and cataracts compared to non-smokers.
Eat healthy food
You can help keep your eyes healthier by eating foods that are rich in certain vitamins and nutrients. Colourful fruits and vegetables that are bursting with Vitamin A, C, D, E, beta-carotene and zinc will give your eyes a healthy boost. Omega-3 fatty acids from fish and flavonoids from tea, red wine and berries are great, too!
While it might seem odd that exercise can help the eyes, it can be important. Research shows that exercise may reduce the risk of sight loss which can occur from high blood pressure, diabetes and narrowing or hardening of the arteries.
Drink within the recomended limits
Heavy alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of early age-related macular degeneration. The recommended daily alcohol limits are 3-4 units for men and 2-3 units for women.
Protect your eyes from the sun
Never look at the sun directly, even when something exciting is happening, such as an eclipse. Doing so can cause irreversible damage to your eyesight and even lead to blindness.
Several studies also suggest that sunlight exposure is a risk factor for cataracts.
Wearing a wide-brimmed hat or sunglasses can help to protect your eyes from UV rays. The College of Optometrists recommends buying good quality, sunglasses that provide 100% UV protection(these needn't be expensive). Look for glasses carrying the 'CE' mark and the British Standard BS EN 1836:2005, which ensures that the sunglasses offer a safe level of ultraviolet protection.
Dry eye and it's treatment